Group Dynamics definition

Group dynamics is the study, analysis and understanding of the behaviours and psychology surrounding group interactions. The field typically differentiates between interactions within a social group (intragroup dynamics) and between social groups (intergroup dynamics).

The field is based on a belief that the whole is more complex than the sum of the parts, and that an understanding of how groups operate has a fundamental effect on the organisation of society and public policy. For businesses, a greater understanding of what motivates teams, what type of people make up successful teams and what inhibits team success can fuel HR decision-making and help the company create a more successful, happy workforce.

The history of group dynamics has its roots in experimental psychology and sociology. Wilhelm Wundt, known as the founder of experimental psychology, expressed a view that communities possessed unique qualities of language and customs that could not be ascertained through a study of the individual alone.