Job Classification definition

A process that aims to classify a job in a standardised scale by its responsibilities, duties and the competencies required. Job classification is focused exclusively on the role and what the organisation needs the role to be, whereas job analysis will take into account the nature of the person performing the role.

Job classification leads to defined ‘grade scales,’ whereby each position falls somewhere on the grade. Each grade scale will have overarching qualities that apply to all jobs that fall within that grade, as well as a salary band.

Job classification allows organisations to compare their jobs, including remuneration and remit, with other organisations and other industries. It may also help organisations to design appraisal systems and performance reviews, as well as improving efficiency by removing areas where job responsibilities may overlap.


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