Robert Quinn is professor at the Michigan Ross School of Business and a reseacher who has spent significant parts of his career analysing organisational change, leadership and performance. From his research he has become a believer in the power of ‘positive organizations’ due to the wide evidence base – essentially, when people are happy and thriving, organizations are happy and thriving. On October 12th 2015, Robert took part in an online Ask Me Anything (AMA) on popular social site Reddit. In this piece we curate some of his most interesting answers to the community’s questions.
How much of a positive organization relies on hiring positive people?
“If an organization turns positive it means that most of the people are turning positive. That is, the culture is evolving and the individuals are seeing new possibilities. They are acquiring hope and behaving in new ways. A leader brings such change.
As such change happens, organizations often discover the importance of hiring positive people of high capability. Note how the standard has climbed. Now the person must be both capable and positive.”
What is the place of conflict within a positive organizations? How do positive organizations manage conflict or foster ‘positive conflict’?
“An organization is a living system. It is a system of dynamic tensions in which conflicts continually arise. Most people, including managers, tend to avoid conflict.
The conflicts become elephants under the table. Since people know the conversations in such contexts are not authentic, they engage in political posturing. This means they are not fully engaged.
One of the prime purposes of a leader is to scan for, recognize, surface and transform conflict into creative collaboration. Creative collaboration is positive confrontation or positive conflict. In a positive organization conflict is continually converted into collaboration.”
On what drives performance in organisations…
“In all organizations performance is based on altruism, trust and pursuit of the common good. Yet many actors are unaware of this fact.
Trust and altruism are very fragile. People do things that destroy trust and people withdraw. They become unengaged and the organization suffers.”
What are some basic things your standard corporate organizations can do to become a ‘positive organization’?
“A positive organization is a system in which people flourish and exceed expectations. Flourish means they are engaged and growing. Exceed expectations means they are doing very well in accomplishing goals.
The organization is productive and it is a place of human well-being. Creating a positive organization is difficult because conventional thinking tends to be one dimensional. Some people focus on profits, others focus on other things such as people. To create a positive organization a leader must see and nurture the whole.
To create a positive organization a leader has to clarify the highest, collective purpose, articulate it, and continually reclarify it. Most importantly they must live by the purpose even when it is politically difficult. When the message is authentic and lasting it matters.
Constancy of purpose gives rise to a unified culture. It is also key that every aspect of the culture, leadership, physical symbols, strategies, and so on must be aligned with the purpose and values. When the purpose is authentic, and often it is not, a new culture will emerge.”
Why is it that many successful businesses (for their shareholders) primarily have a miserable, demoralized workforce?
“The truth is that many organizations are miserable places to work. In fact, this is so common, that we accept miserable work settings. It is a norm. One of my students said, “I had an abusive boss, I thought that is the way business was supposed to be.”
70% of the global workforce is disengaged. 52% of the management workforce is disengaged. We can even find a CEO now and then, as shocking as it may sound, who has actually checked out. What these facts suggest is that we do not know how to design and lead positive organizations.
People who are trained in management are often not leaders. Leaders are people who turn bad or good organizations into great ones. Holding a position at the top of some hierarchy makes you an authority figure, not a leader.
The same student went on to say, “After taking this class, I will never again have an abusive leader.” She has a different set of expectations for herself and for others. She is now an empowered person who can empower others. She is a person who can lead with or without a position. She can bring people to purpose and engagement.”